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Benefits of Indoor Farming Nowadays, indoor farming is being adopted by most people as they practice vertical farming techniques. A constant increase in population poses problems such as food scarcity which can be solved simply by practicing vertical or indoor farming. One of the main techniques used in this kind of farming is hydroponics. The medium used in this farming technique is soil-less and it contains sufficient minerals to ensure proper feeding of plants and watering. Artificial lighting is usually used in indoor farming to provide light for photosynthesis. Since crops are grown indoors, they can be harvested throughout the year which a major benefit of this technique. Indoor farming allows crops to grown even during drought and flooding seasons as they are safe from such conditions. Indoor farming techniques also allows crops to grow in a tent without any pests to damage them. This way, post-harvest spoilage of crops is minimized. The crops here are not exposed to any pests hence one doesn’t need to use chemicals such as pesticides. Vertical farming is carried out in used warehouses, shipping containers or skyscrapers. Fertigation, light control as well as environmental control is utilized in these facilities. The techniques used in indoor or vertical farming are pretty similar to those applied in greenhouses especially with artificial lighting. Reliable harvests throughout the year is one of the major benefits of vertical farming. Vertical farming uses consistent growing cycles which are very reliable and allow commercial growers to stick to delivery schedules and supply contracts. In vertical farming, there are neither crop losses nor seasonal crops. There are no crop losses as environmental factors such as diseases and pests are eliminated. Unlike greenhouses, vertical farm systems produce nearly ten times more growing area for crops. Due to this reason, cost-effective farming installations are used in under-utilized environments such as warehouses, industrial estates and other environments.
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Regular farming and other farming techniques don’t produce as many crop rotations as vertical farming does. Since factors such as humidity, temperature and light are controlled, crop cycles tend to be faster. Basil, kale, spinach, lettuce, endives among others are types of crops that can be produced through vertical farming. The level of water, air and nutrition offered to crops in vertical farming is handled by advanced technology that is integrated into these farm systems. Optimum conditions that are required for growth of crops and their maturity are thus provided.
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Since LED lighting technology is used in this farming technique, there are minimum overhead costs incurred as minimum power is used to ensure maximum plant growth. Vertical farming utilizes minimal labor as manual labor is only required during planting of crops, harvesting as well as packaging.